Career FAQs

Research shows that to have a fulfilling career, you should do something you’re good at that makes the world a better place. Don’t aim for a highly paid, easy job, or expect to discover your “passion” in a flash of insight.
To find a dream job, look for:
1. Work you’re good at,
2. Work that helps others,
3. Supportive conditions: engaging work that lets you enter a state of flow; supportive colleagues; lack of major negatives like unfair pay; and work that fits your personal life.

Many common ways to do good, such as becoming a doctor, have less impact than you might first think. Other, more unconventional options, have allowed certain people to achieve an extraordinary impact. In other words, one person can make a difference, but you might have to do something a little unconventional.

With the right approach, you can make a major difference to the lives of others without changing job, or making a major sacrifice. You can do this by giving 10% of your income to the world’s poorest people, promoting important causes, or assisting others in having an impact.

To maximise your impact, work on areas (1) that are large in scale, (2) that others neglect, and (3) where it’s possible to make progress. Many people fail to compare the scale of different problems, work on the same problems as everyone else, and support programs with no evidence of impact.

Most people in rich countries who aim to do good work on health, poverty and education in their home country. But health in poor countries is a bigger, more solvable problem, and only receives 4% of charitable donations. Others work on climate change, but pandemics pose a similar threat, and are over ten times more neglected.

When we think of jobs that help people, medicine, teaching and charity work are what first come to mind. But these are not always the highest-impact options. To help the most people: (1) focus on the most pressing problems; (2) choose the best method for working on the problem, considering research, advocacy and donating to charity, as well as direct work; and (3) do something with excellent personal fit and job satisfaction.

Especially early in your career, take options that will give you flexible career capital – skills, connections and credentials that will be useful in many different jobs. Examples include mathematical graduate studies, consulting, and learning to program. Be careful with humanities PhDs, charity jobs and vocational qualifications.

Don’t expect to figure out what you’re best at right away. Instead, go investigate: speak to people to learn more, and try out your best options. Then, to avoid common decision-making mistakes, use a systematic process to make your final decision.

There’s a lot that anyone can do to be more productive, impactful and happy in any career. Some of it is common sense, but people often don’t take simple steps such as prioritising their mental health, learning how to learn, investing in their productivity, figuring out how to think better, and otherwise improving the way they work.

Rather than try to pinpoint the single best option, accept that your plan is likely to change. Write out a flexible road map, which includes nearby alternative options and a backup if things don’t work out as expected.

Don’t just send out your CV in response to job listings. Get leads through your connections, and prove that you can do the work by actually doing some. When you get an offer, negotiate.

Join a community of people working in the same area as you. You’ll get hundreds of connections at once. We’ve seen hundreds of people become far more motivated, altruistic and successful by getting involved in our community of effective altruists.

Career Progression Guide

Career progression determines and outlines the route you should follow in order to reach the career development goals you’ve set out for yourself. 
Discover your career goal
Prepare yourself for the career progression
Define the ideal companies/ organizations
Start Networking
Discover your career goal

The first step involves outlining the ultimate career goal you have. This is the dream job, the ideal career you’d like to have. You can discover your career goal by focusing on two perspectives: understanding who you are and defining your dream career.

Understanding who you are

To better comprehend your identity and personality, and how this relates to suitable careers, you should answer the following questions:

  • What is my passion?
  • What are the things I’m good at?
  • What are my top skills, achievements and qualities?
  • What are my strengths and weaknesses?
  • What do other people think are my strength and weaknesses?

Defining your dream career

In order to recognize the dream career, you want to examine the answers to:

  • What did I want to do when I was little? Do I still think it’s an ideal career?
  • What would I like to do for a living?
  • What type of job would make me smile every morning?
  • What kind of jobs do I hate the most?
  • What are the drivers of my career goal? Is it money, recognition or achievements, for instance?
  • What would make me proud of my career?

Once you’ve answered the above questions, you need to start looking for jobs that align your personality and skills with your dream jobs. A good idea for solving this is by taking online tests.

On the other hand, you should also study the skillset you have and compare it with different jobs. You can find job descriptions on various websites, which allows you to read more about what the specific roles would entail. This can help you define the roles suitable for you and the ones you don’t like the sound of.

Finally, you need to develop a detailed career plan. This is to outline where you’d like to be professionally a year from now, five years from now and ten years from now.

Prepare yourself for the career progression

Once you’ve created a scheduled career plan, you need to examine these roles and acknowledge how qualified you are already for each role.

The objective is to determine the type of education you might require for the roles. Perhaps you already have the right qualifications, you might need to re-train to a certain extent or you might still be looking for that perfect degree.

If you do require additional training in order to progress on to the next stage of your career, you have different options available. The options depend on your current situation and you need to either:

  • Select the right university and degree subject, if you are still young and looking for your first degree.
  • Consider studying a second degree either full-time or part-rime, if your current educational background is ‘wrong’ for the ideal career path.
  • Seek out additional training, if you just require an update on skills.

Aside from obtaining the right skills, career progression also requires a professional resume. It’s crucial to spend enough time to fine-tuning your resume, as it can help you gain the attention of potential recruiters quicker.

The best practices to keep in mind, in terms of career progression, revolve around the skills and qualifications. It’s important to tailor your resume according to the role you are looking for and not just outline all of the achievements you’ve had. The resume you send to recruiters and employers should focus on the qualifications the specific job requires and to ensure the whole resume is simply highlighting your suitability for the role.

In order to do this the most efficiently, you should:

  • List only the skills mentioned in the job description and any other transferable skills related to the role.
  • Emphasize achievements that highlight your suitability to the role.
  • Mention qualifications required for the role.

Furthermore, recruiters and employers are increasingly relying on social media for recruitment purposes. Therefore, you want to ensure your LinkedIn profile is perfected for seeking out the specific jobs as well. Use the above tips for creating a profile, which attracts the employers you are looking for.

Define the ideal companies/ organizations

You should also start researching the industry you are hoping to progress in and find out more about the companies in the sector.

You want to focus on:

  • Finding the companies you want to work for. Think how these companies can boost your career progression. For example, what are the career advancement opportunities within the company and what is the reputation of the business in the industry?
  • Understanding what are the best ways of attracting these employers. For instance, what are the extra activities and skills you should consider in order to become employable to the employer? You need to essentially understand the company culture and ambitions of the company.

You can find out about your chosen industry and the companies operating in it with the help of numerous recourses. You can use online resources for company information. National departments of labor and business also provide information, such as wage data, unemployment statistics and information on health plans, for instance.


Keep in mind your focus should be on gaining the required experience and skillset to achieve your dream career. This means you don’t necessarily want to target simply the ideal companies, but rather the organizations providing you the most experience. Certain roles and companies are likely just going to act as a stepping-stone on your career ladder.

Furthermore, with the above in mind, you should consider internships at companies, which are high on the agenda for future progression. Internships at a large media organization, such as ARY, could help you further down the line, even if you dream goal isn’t to work in a newsroom, but rather to start your own production company.

Finally, volunteering is another experience-gaining option to keep in mind. Even if the volunteering opportunity doesn’t directly relate to your industry, it’s possible to gain transferable skills through volunteering. Skills such as leadership, management, compassion, multi-tasking and problem solving can all be gained in a variety of volunteering role.

Start Networking

The final step on career progression requires you to maximize your networking efforts. Job search data has consistently shown networking can boost your ability to find work. Therefore, networking is an essential tool for career progression.

Look at your career goals and your existing contacts. Who are the key connections with whom you should foster your relationship? If you know people working in your ideal organization or have good connections within the industry, you want to ensure you stay on good terms with these people. Ask for advice, let them know about your plans and become more engaged with them on social media.

Furthermore, you want to identify the people within your chosen industry you want to impress in order to climb higher on the career ladder. Find the best ways to connect with them, whether it’s through industry fairs and seminars or simply direct contact.

You also want to grow your professional network by joining professional organizations and becoming an active member. For example, if you are a teacher, you could join TES, the world’s largest community of teachers and teaching professionals. If you were an editor, you could join a number of Editors’ Associations.

Furthermore, you should consider blogging as an option to gain more publicity within your industry. Highlighting your talent and expertise through a blog or social media can help you connect with like-minded people and gain interest from employers.

Finally, nurturing a relationship with a good recruitment agency can also boost networking efforts. A close relationship with a high-quality recruitment agency, specializing in your chosen field, can help you at different stages of your career. It can help find that first job to get on the career ladder and help you climb up higher. If you have a close relationship with the recruitment firm, the recruiters are more likely to suggest interesting job offers for you later down the line, even when you aren’t actively looking.


As a final note, it’s essential to point out the continuous re-evaluation that’s required for proper career progression. You shouldn’t treat your career development plans as something you only need to think about once in your life.

In fact, it’s crucial to annually assess your situation and progress, as things might have changed in terms of your needs. You’ll be much more aware of your achievements if you assess and analyze what’s happened.

Sit down once a year to go through your career development plan. Analyze it by answering the following questions:

  • Am I on the track? Assess how well you’ve followed the outline career path and the progress you’ve made. Think what has been the reason for the success and how you can use this knowledge going forward. On the other hand, if you feel like you’re stalling, examine the reasons behind it.
  • Did I achieve the objectives I set for this year? As mentioned above, your career development plan should have a one-year plan with objectives you need to achieve. Go through these goals to see which ones you’ve achieved and study the reasons behind your successes and possible failures.
  • Have I gained any new skills and achievements that’ll help me in my future career objectives? If so, what are they? Remember to include all the relevant new skills and achievements in your resume and update your LinkedIn profile as well.
  • What do I want to achieve next year? Set out the objectives for the following year, keeping in mind your long-term plans.

It’s important to avoid following the plan like a robot. As well as simply examining the objectives and setting out new ones, you should critically think whether your career aspirations are still the same.

Ask yourself:

  • Is the dream still the same?
  • Do I continue to be as passionate about my industry as I was last year?
  • Is the current job or role still satisfying to me?

If you find yourself unsatisfied, unsure of your dreams and feeling disinterested in the industry, it might be a good idea to re-examine your career. The answer is not always to change the direction completely. It might be that your current job is not what keeps you motivated and you should simply look for a new job at a different organization. Sometimes studying a bit further and taking time off from work can be enough to boost your energy back up and find the passion you had for the industry.

But you should also not be afraid to change course and to redefine your objectives. Perhaps your passion for the same industry remains the same, but instead of aiming to be the CEO of a big corporation, you’d rather start your own business.

The crucial point is to stay on top of your progression; to understand the methods that have helped you go forward and the things holding you back. But also to evaluate your career development as a whole; to ensure you are still heading out in a direction you truly want to go.

Career Advice

We want to help you build a career you love. Get practical advice on finding a job, succeeding at work, and more. You can submit your career related questions here for our experts to answer.

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